Menu of June-Dec. 1996 (sections 96.60-96.118) Bird Field Notes 
             by Range Bayer from the Sandpiper (a publication 
             of Yaquina Birders & Naturalists, Lincoln County, Oregon) 
Section   Month of 
No.       Sandpiper, Volume 17
96.60      June-August 1996 
96.79      September 1996 
96.88      October 1996 
96.99      November 1996 
96.108     December 1996 

96.60             June-August 1996 Bird Field Notes 

     Comments in this column about abundance or seasonality refer to 

     Abbreviations and some Lincoln Co. site locations: Bayshore 
Beach=ocean beach along north Alsea Bay Spit, Beaver Creek=creek 
flowing through Ona Beach, Criteser's Moorage=marina at about mile 
10.2 along north Yaquina Bay Road, Driftwood Beach SP=park about 
halfway between Seal Rocks and Waldport, Eckman Lake=lake just east of 
Waldport along HWY 34, HY=hatch-year (bird in the calendar year of its 
hatching), Idaho Flats=large embayment just east of the MSC, Lost 
Creek SP=park about 4.75 mi south of Yaquina Bay bridge, MSC=Marine 
Science Center, MSC Lagoon=lagoon just north of MSC Public Parking 
Lot, Nute Slough=freshwater slough at about mile 9.3 along north 
Yaquina Bay Road, Ona Beach SP=park about 6.6 mi south of Yaquina Bay 
bridge along HWY 101, Thiel Creek=creek south of Airport and about 
3.5 mi south of Yaquina Bay bridge, Thornton Creek=creek between 
Toledo and Eddyville, YBSJ=Yaquina Bay South Jetty.
*      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *     *

96.61                           LOONS

     Loons were one of the big stories this summer.  On 6/1, CL, CC, 
and TD found a rare YELLOW-BILLED LOON in nonbreeding plumage at Alsea 
Bay; it may have been injured as have other Yellow-billed Loons found 
here in summer.

     Prior to 1985, Pacific and Arctic Loons were all included in one 
species--Arctic Loons, but Pacific Loons are now considered a separate 
species and are the one expected here.  On 8/11, DF reported seeing 
what appeared to be an ARCTIC LOON at the YBSJ, which may be a first 
for Oregon; it had the white flank patches that are supposedly 
diagnostic for Arctics, but distinguishing the two species is 
difficult.  On 8/13 (DC) and 8/16 (BT) saw the loon near the MSC; 
BT photographed it, and it seemed to have Arctic Loon characteristics.  
On 8/17, CH also reported seeing what looked like an Arctic Loon at 
the YBSJ on 8/10.  On 8/19 (DB & JJ) and on 8/23 (BT) could not find 

     Loons were seen along the Lincoln Co. coast on 6/16, with 
PACIFIC LOONS the most common, but there were also COMMON LOONS and 
RED-THROATED LOONS (GK).  There regularly were up to 26 small loons 
inside Siletz Bay the second week of July (D&BM); they were most 
likely Pacific Loons, which are fairly regular nonbreeders along our 
coast, but are rarer in such numbers in our bays.  On 8/18, DB & JJ 
found about 20 Pacifics in Siletz Bay.
*      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *     *

96.62                 GREBES-HERON

     Nonbreeding WESTERN GREBES regularly oversummer and as many as 12 
were counted and seen near Yaquina Head during 10 days in June (BLM), 
and as many as nine were at Yachats on 7/14 (KM) and 8/1 (SL).

     Our first fall RED-NECKED GREBE still in breeding plumage visited 
Seal Rocks on 8/11 (KM).

     22 BLACK-FOOTED ALBATROSSES were recorded 6 miles or more 
offshore of Depoe Bay on 7/6; also seen during this pelagic trip were 
44 SOOTY SHEARWATERS (GG et al.).  During the 8/10 pelagic trip up to 
70 miles off Depoe Bay, MH et al. saw 17 Black-footed Albatrosses, 
nine fulmars, 20 Pink-footed and 25 Sooty Shearwaters, three 

     Our largest BROWN PELICAN counts were 83 at Yaquina Head on 6/27 
(BLM) and 258 at Seal Rocks on 6/30 (KM); pelicans are so mobile that 
it is hard to estimate their abundance without systematic surveys.  
Concurrent with the Common Murre die-off in late June and early July 
(see below), at least nine pelicans were found and taken to 
rehabilitation centers along the Oregon Coast--many if not all were 
grossly underweight (RL), so whatever caused the murre die-off may 
also have affected pelicans.

     Our first fall GREAT EGRETS were noted at Eckman Lake and Yaquina 
Bay on 7/14 (KM); several were also noted in upper Yaquina Bay a few 
days later (JB).

     Young birds do and try things that adults don't.  A 
HY GREAT BLUE HERON waded in the surf near Seal Rocks on 8/27 (DP)--
adults hunt in places without sneaker waves (herons don't surf well!) 
and in water with better visibility for seeing their prey. 
*      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *     *

96.63                      WATERFOWL

     Although there is one BRANT nesting record for the Oregon Coast, 
they are uncommon in summer.  Late migrants are often noted the first 
week of June, but during June 10-30, 1-13 were near Ona Beach (DG), 
Seal Rocks (DP), Alsea Bay and Driftwood Beach SP (RL), and YBSJ (KM); 
the peak count was a flock of 27 at the Nestucca River mouth 
(Tillamook Co.) on 6/28 (DP).  Our only reports since June are four at 
Seal Rocks on 7/3 (DP), and 12 at the Siuslaw River mouth (Lane Co.) 
on 7/8 (RW).

     Two GR. WHITE-FRONTED GEESE along with domestic geese at Idaho 
Flats on 7/28 (KM) probably oversummered--migration for them is still 
weeks away, and we have had summering stragglers before.

     A late NORTHERN SHOVELER was amongst scoters just south of 
Yaquina Head on 5/26 (BLM).

     "Fall" arrivals include a pair of NORTHERN PINTAILS at Siletz Bay 
on 7/21 (the male was in partial or full eclipse plumage)(KM), and a 
mortally sick male GREEN-WINGED TEAL in eclipse plumage on 8/20 at 
Newport (fide RL).  

     A SCAUP came ashore near Bayshore Beach in late July, and RLe 
took it to Eckman Lake; four scaup were at the mouth of the Yachats 
River on 8/1 (SL).  Migrants are not customarily found until late 
September and especially early October, so these scaup may have been 
nonbreeders that summered.

     The male MANDARIN DUCK at the Yachats River was spotted again in 
May (JM), so its lonely saga over the past few years continues.

     Nonbreeding scoters regularly oversummer here; most reported this 
summer were SURF SCOTERS, but WHITE-WINGED SCOTERS were also common 
(SM; BLM; GG et al.).  The only BLACK SCOTER reports were for Yaquina 
Head on 7/27 (JS) and of 10 off Cascade Head (Tillamook Co.) on 8/10 
(CH).  Counts of 500 or more scoters (that may have included some 
Blacks) included: 670 (7/14), 1070 (7/21), and 1100 (8/11) scoters at 
Yaquina Head (KM); a total of about 600 scoters near Seal Rocks and at 
Yachats on 7/28 (KM), about 1100 scoters about 1/2 mile off Squaw 
Creek (Lane Co.) on 7/31 (DP), and 720 scoters at Seal Rocks on 8/11 

     HARLEQUIN DUCKS were regularly noted at Seal Rocks this summer 
with 11 throughout August (DP), and on 7/23, DP found four whose 
primaries had completely molted.  This appears to be the first report 
of flightless Harlequins along the Oregon Coast.

     A flock of nine HOODED MERGANSERS at Eckman Lake on 8/6 seem to 
be early for that site (RL).

     Our first estuarine flock of 24-40 COMMON MERGANSERS in 
female-type plumage reported this summer were at Alsea Bay on 7/21 
(KM).  They can be easily mistaken for female Red-breasteds, unless 
head and bill shape and nostril position are carefully noted.
*      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *     *

96.64                   RAPTORS

     The only WHITE-TAILED KITE was one at Nute Slough on 8/12 (CP); 
nesting has been suspected there.

     At least one nestling OSPREY was at their new nest near the 
entrance to South Beach State Park on 7/28 (BLo).

     The murre's tragedy (see below) is good fortune for others--on 
6/13, DG saw two TURKEY VULTURES feeding on a Common Murre carcass 
near Lost Creek SP.

     A COOPER'S HAWK was in Toledo on 8/11 (CP).  A SHARP-SHINNED HAWK 
"hawked" some kind of insect at south Beaver Creek on 7/23 (CP), 
another harassed swallows at Beaver Creek on 7/25 (LO), and a third 
was northeast of Yaquina Head on 8/2 (CP).

     NORTHERN HARRIERS are usually rare here in June, but they are 
often seen more often in July.  EH found an adult male south of the 
YBSJ on 6/17, BLM staff found two at Yaquina Head on 6/25 & 29, one 
was near the MSC on 7/15 (fide RO), and CP found three hunting the 
clearcuts northeast of Yaquina Head on 8/2.

     On 6/4, 1-2 BALD EAGLE young were at the Devils Lake, Siletz Bay, 
and Yaquina Bay nests, but the Alsea Bay nest failed (RL).
*      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *     *

96.65                 BOBWHITE-RAILS

     The escapee NORTHERN BOBWHITES continued to hang around SS's 
Neskowin home (Tillamook Co.).  On 5/22, SS wrote that they were 
calling "Bobwhite," but mostly they called "White" with a rarer 
"Bob-Bob-White"; SS did not note them after June 9 until she heard a 
"Bobwhite" on 7/21.

     The status of SORAS in summer is unknown--EH provided our first 
June records; he found them responding to tapes about two miles up 
Beaver Creek Road on 6/9 & 12; VIRGINIA RAILS were also present there 
both days.
*      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *     *


     Each summer some shorebirds stick around rather than go elsewhere 
to nest.  Whimbrels are the most conspicous and numerous summering 
species, but there are also stragglers of other species.  The problem 
is sometimes telling if birds are truly lingering or if they may just 
be late migrants still on their way to nesting areas.

     WHIMBRELS.--On 6/1, perhaps 50 were near Ona Beach, and another 
20 were at Yaquina Bay (CL, CC, and TD); on 6/5, 70 were between the 
mouths of the Siuslaw River (Lane Co.) and Umpqua River (Douglas 
Co.)(RL & DP); on 6/13, 25 were at Yaquina Bay (RL); on 6/17, at least 
two were at Yaquina Bay (EH); and, on 6/30, one was at Seal Rocks (an 
unusual summering site)(KM).  Immigrants had arrived by 7/21, as KM 
then found 54 at Alsea Bay and 55 at Idaho Flats.

     OTHER SHOREBIRDS.--On 6/1, a MARBLED GODWIT lingered at Yaquina 
Bay (CL, CC, & TD; EH).  On 6/5 between the mouths of Siuslaw River 
(Lane Co.) and Umpqua River (Douglas Co.) about 300 SANDERLINGS were 
probably very late migrants (RL & DP).  On 6/17, EH found a GREATER 
YELLOWLEGS at Yaquina Bay, which may have been an early fall migrant, 
and, on 6/28, a PACIFIC GOLDEN-PLOVER along a Tillamook Co. beach (DP) 
may have been a nonbreeding summer vagrant.
*      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *     *

96.67                 "FALL" SHOREBIRD ARRIVALS

     Probable "fall" shorebird immigrants were four WESTERN SANDPIPERS 
at Seal Rocks on 6/27 (DP)--two days later 115 were noted in that area 
(RL); they were about on schedule.

     It is not clear if a LEAST SANDPIPER and a SANDERLING at Seal 
Rocks on 6/27 (DP) were migrants or summer vagrants.

     Arrivals include: SEMIPALMATED PLOVER near Seal Rock on 7/3 (DP), 
RED-NECKED PHALAROPE off Depoe Bay on 7/6 (GG et al.), SURFBIRD and 
BLACK TURNSTONE at Seal Rocks on 7/8 (DP), RUDDY TURNSTONE near Seal 
Rocks on 7/15 (DP), PECTORAL SANDPIPER near the MSC on 7/17 (fide RO), 
a LONG-BILLED CURLEW amongst at least 100 WHIMBRELS near Waldport on 
7/23 (AF), BAIRD'S SANDPIPER at Yaquina Bay on 7/24 (AF), and 
*      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *     *

96.68                        JAEGERS

     The oiled LONG-TAILED JAEGER at Idaho Flats was last reported on 
5/26 (EH).  A POMARINE JAEGER in adult plumage with long, well-formed 
spoons was seen offshore of Depoe Bay on 7/6 (GG et al.), and two 
Pomarine and two Long-tailed Jaegers were detected off Depoe Bay on 
8/10 (MH et al.).
*      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *     *

96.69                           GULLS

     A FRANKLIN'S GULL in breeding plumage visited Idaho Flats on 6/15 
(PS); they are very rare here in spring, and this appears to be our 
first June record.

     The first HEERMANN'S GULLS were at Depoe Bay on 6/16 (GK) and are 
about on schedule; four more were at the mouth of the Yachats River a 
few days later (SL).  The largest count appears to be at least 30 at 
Seal Rocks on 7/14 (KM).

     Three SABINE'S GULLS were noted during the 8/10 pelagic trip off 
Depoe Bay (MH et al.).

     A few WESTERN GULLS have adapted to nesting on buildings, 
bridges, and houses; they have regularly nested on some houses at 
Salishan Spit with three chicks present on a rooftop there on 7/15 

     In mid- to late July there may often be an influx of gulls in 
late July; this summer at Idaho Flats, KM spotted 165 CALIFORNIA GULLS 
on 7/14 (this count was much higher than her earlier counts, so 
immigration had already begun).  On 7/21, KM estimated about 
900-1000 Californias, on 7/26, DP counted about 800 gulls that were 
mostly California Gulls, and, on 8/11, KM saw about 700 Californias.

     In late summer, flying swarms of insects often make their mating 
flights on warm days along the coast, and these swarms attract gulls 
and even European Starlings.  The first kettle of about 30-40 gulls 
were seen feeding on these insect swarms on 7/31 over the MSC (RL).  
These gull flocks can be identified by the behavior of the gulls--they 
circle around in a loose milling flock with individual gulls stopping 
their wing-flapping to snap at an insect.
*      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *     *

96.70                           TERNS

     Our first ELEGANT TERNS this summer were two just west of Alsea 
Bay bridge on 8/11 (KM); another was at Idaho Flats on 8/13 (DC).

     Nonbreeding CASPIAN TERNS regularly oversummer at Yaquina Bay 
with adult/fledgling pairs arriving later.  On 6/16, Caspians were at 
Waldport and Yaquina Bay (GK).  At Idaho Flats, 24 Caspians were 
counted on 6/17 (RL), and 93 adults were spotted on 6/30 (KM).  
Immigrants start arriving in mid-July (1984 Murrelet 65:87-90), and 
this summer the first fledglings were discovered at Idaho Flats on 
7/16 (RL).
*      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *     *

96.71                       COMMON MURRES

     Murres had a bad summer.  At Yaquina Head colonies: on 6/10, BLM 
staff saw gulls push adult murres aside on a small mainland colony and 
eat two murre eggs; on 6/27, many murre eggs were abandoned on Colony 
Rock (BLM); on 6/28, murres abandoned eggs and gulls attacked murre 
chicks on Lion's Head (BLM); and, on 6/30, RL saw many abandoned eggs 
and unprotected chicks that were killed by gulls at Colony Rock (RL).

     It appears that few murre chicks survived to leave their nesting 
areas; none were seen near Depoe Bay on 7/19 (R&TL), one chick was 
heard from the YBSJ on 7/21 (KM), and only one live murre chick was 
found offshore of Depoe Bay on 8/6 (RL).  It is also on pace to be a 
record low year for beached murre chicks as BLo and S&DB didn't find 
any along their 4.5 mi Thiel Creek transect until August, and few have 
been coming ashore.  Low numbers of beached murre chicks is a very bad 
sign for murre productivity because it is normal to have 100+ murre 
chicks along the Thiel Creek transect each summer.

     Record numbers of dead adult murres were found in June and were 
reported in the Oregonian and local newspapers.  In June, the USFWS 
found 159 dead adults along their beach transect (RL & DP).  BLo and 
S&DB had 148 in June and 52 in July for total of 200 adults, which 
is more than their summer totals for Thiel Creek beginning in 1978; in 
most summers fewer than 50 adults are found.  As mentioned earlier, 
vultures scavenged at least some of the murres.

     The cause of the murres' misfortunes (which coincided with a 
die-off of Brown Pelicans) is unknown, but was probably related to 
poor feeding conditions.
*      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *     *

96.72                    OTHER ALCIDS

     Six HY MARBLED MURRELETS were seen in a small area near Depoe Bay 
on 7/19 (R&TL)--this seems like a rare concentration of HY birds.  
Perhaps, they have been hurt by feeding conditions, too, as two dead 
HY birds were found along the Thiel Creek transect in mid-July (BLo 
and S&DB).  KM spotted as many as 48 at Yachats on 6/30 and 34 at Seal 
Rocks on 8/11, as well as less than 20 at Yaquina Head, Seal Rocks, 
and Yachats in July-early August.

     TUFTED PUFFINS have been uncommonly reported in Lincoln County in 
recent years--our only sightings were at Yaquina Head on 5/8 (BLM) and 
near Depoe Bay on 8/10 (CH).  1-2 CASSIN'S AUKLETS were at Yachats on 
6/30 and Yaquina Head on 7/21 (KM).  In contrast, 1-14 RHINOCEROS 
AUKLETS were at Seal Rocks, Yachats, and Yaquina Head in June-early 
August (KM), and 13 were flying south past Boiler Bay on 8/18 (DB & 
*      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *     *

96.73                       SWIFTS

     RL discovered five BLACK SWIFTS just east of Yachats on 6/5; they 
are rare here, and these are our first June records for them.  

     At least 20 VAUX'S SWIFTS were going down a chimney in Toledo on 
8/9--SK notes that he had seen some there often this summer.  Like 
last year, a pair nested in CP's Toledo chimney this summer.
*      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *     *

96.74                    RUFOUS HUMMINGBIRDS

     In the May Sandpiper, MA reported seeing female Rufous' 
apparently eating dirt, and I asked if anyone had heard of this 
before.  One of our Internet readers, DB, promptly pointed out an 
article by Des Lauriers (1994.  Hummingbirds eating ashes.  Auk 111 
[3]:755-756).  Des Lauriers saw hummers eating ashes and also referred 
to reports of where they ingested sea water or salt grains; hummers 
may do this because their diet is lacking in minerals.

     R&TN have also spotted a female Rufous eating ashes under an 
outdoor grill in Newport on an unspecified date, so this may be more 
common than has been documented.

     SS thought that there were far fewer Rufous Hummingbirds at her 
Neskowin home this summer, although they became abundant in mid-August 
when she had 6-10 at her feeders on 8/14 & 15.
*      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *     *

96.75                  KINGBIRD-SWALLOWS

     Our first WESTERN KINGBIRD was at Yaquina Head on 5/9 (BLM).

     In June, a pair of NORTHERN ROUGH-WINGED SWALLOWS were nesting in 
a hole in a riverbank of the Alsea near Waldport that was used last 
year by nesting kingfishers (MA); on 6/27, three holes in a cutbank at 
Eckman Lake appeared to be used by nesting Rough-wings (EH).

     Flying BARN SWALLOWS often can feed over the open beach, but on 
6/13, DP discovered five CLIFF SWALLOWS, two Barn Swallows, and one 
TREE SWALLOW near Driftwood Beach SP foraging in two ways.  DP writes: 
"All the swallows would land periodically in the wrack and wait for 
sand fleas (?) to jump, at which point the swallows would swallow 
them!  At other times, the swallows would fly very low over the open 
sand and 'pick' at the sand with their beaks, presumably taking 
insects or other critters.  All were flying north (into the wind) as 
they hunted."
*      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *     *

96.76                       PURPLE MARTIN

     PURPLE MARTINS are a Sensitive Species.  One at the SW corner of 
Idaho Flats on 6/5 (BLo) may have been nesting at the MSC.  One at 
north Beaver Creek on 7/24 & 25 (LO) is unusual for there.

     EH has put up a number of martin houses at the MSC Lagoon and at 
the "Wood Barge" at about Milepost 7.5 along North Yaquina Bay Road.  
On 6/6 & 17, he made a systematic survey of Yaquina Bay martins and 
found one pair nesting in a pipe at the old Oregon Aqua-Foods site 
(just west of the MSC), four pairs at the MSC Lagoon, one pair at the 
MSC Nature Trail Boardwalk boxes, 4 or 5 pairs at about Milepost 7.5, 
three pairs at Criteser's Moorage, and one pair at about Milepost 11 
of North Yaquina Bay Road.  On 8/7, CM saw two unfledged young at one 
of the MSC Nature Trail boxes.

     On 6/13 & 15, EH looked for martins nesting near Kernville at 
Siletz Bay where they formerly nested, but found no martins.
*      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *     *

96.77                     RAVENS-CHATS

     COMMON RAVENS can sometimes provide a good show.  On 5/18, one 
flew toward a Red-tailed Hawk soaring over its territory near SS's 
Neskowin home.  SS wrote: "The raven did a lot of calling, the raven 
and hawk did some aerial acrobatics without quite touching, but the 
raven was not satisfied until the hawk flew away." 

     Our first CEDAR WAXWINGS arrived at Seal Rock on 5/12 (J&ST), 
which is early for them, but some often show up sporadically before 
they arrive in consistent numbers in late May.

     Fall migration waves of passerines don't appear near the coast, 
but just a few miles inland they are a regular, albeit unpredictable, 
fall feature as DF has found at Thornton Creek (p. 31-32 in Faxon and 
Bayer 1991, Studies in Oregon Ornithology No. 8).  This summer, CP 
found trees full of hundreds of migrants (mostly WILSON'S WARBLERS, 
HERMIT WARBLERS, and WARBLING VIREOS) about three miles southeast of 
Toledo in the Mill Creek drainage on 8/10.

     YELLOW WARBLERS are often missed in late June and July, so our 
records sometimes appear as if they are a spring and fall migrant 
rather than a summer resident.  This summer they were found at the MSC 
on 6/27 (RL) and 7/17 (fide RO).

     YELLOW-BREASTED CHATS may have made a mini-invasion of the coast 
this spring.  On 6/1, SG discovered a male near Newport Reservoir; on 
6/3, DF heard one calling as if on a nesting territory in Toledo--CP 
also saw it the next day.  Our only previous spring record was one 
collected near Burnt Woods on 27 May 1941.  Further, one was about 
three miles inland in Coos County in early June that was also a rarity 
for there (KN).
*      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *     *

96.78               SPARROW-HOUSE SPARROW

     SAVANNAH SPARROWS are often missed here in summer, but occur near 
the coast; on 6/17 EH heard four singing south of the YBSJ, and, on 
6/25, one was at Beaver Creek (LO).

     A WESTERN MEADOWLARK singing near BLl's Logsden home on 6/2 was a 
summer first for that site; their nesting status in Lincoln County is 

     A BULLOCK'S ORIOLE on 6/3 at J&ST's home in Seal Rock was the 
first they have seen there, and our only report of one this year.

     RW estimated several hundred EVENING GROSBEAKS at her Florence 
home this spring.

     HOUSE SPARROWS are successful because they are adaptable.  On 
7/3, DP watched a female feeding on the abundant sand fleas along the 
high tide line of the ocean beach south of Seal Rocks.

     OBSERVERS.--Mike Adam, BLM (Bureau of Land Management at Yaquina 
Head), David Bailey, John Bell, Sara & Don Brown, Catharina Coenen, 
Dave Copeland, Tina Dreisbach, Darrel Faxon, Anthony Floyd, 
Dave Gilbert, Greg Gillson, Steve Gobat, Charity Hagen, Eric Horvath, 
Matt Hunter, Tim Janzen, Jim Johnson, Steve Kapillas, Georges 
Kleinbaum, Ruthann LeBaron (RLe), Bob Llewellyn (BLl), Sally Lockyear, 
Bob Loeffel (BLo), Roy & Travis Lowe, Chris Lundberg, Jackie Mathys, 
Sylvia Maulding, Kathy Merrifield, Craig Miller, Dona & Bob Morris, 
Kim Nelson, Robin & Tom Nelson, Robert Olson, Laimons Osis, 
Chuck Philo, Dave Pitkin, Shirley Schwartz, Jamie Simmons, 
Paul Sullivan, Jim & Shirley Thielen, Bill Tice, and Ruth Warren.

96.79               September 1996 Bird Field Notes 

     Comments in this column about abundance or seasonality refer to 

     Abbreviations and some Lincoln Co. site locations: Beaver 
Creek=creek flowing through Ona Beach, Eckman Lake=lake just east of 
Waldport along HWY 34, HY=hatch-year (bird in the calendar year of its 
hatching), Idaho Flats=large embayment just east of the MSC, Lost 
Creek SP=park about 4.75 mi south of Yaquina Bay bridge, MSC=Marine 
Science Center, Nute Slough=freshwater slough at about mile 9.3 along 
north Yaquina Bay Road, Sallys Bend=large embayment east of the LNG 
tank at Yaquina Bay, Sandpiper Village=residential area west of HWY 
101 and just north of Waldport, Thiel Creek=creek south of Airport and 
about 3.5 mi south of Yaquina Bay bridge, Thornton Creek=creek between 
Toledo and Eddyville, YBSJ=Yaquina Bay South Jetty.
*      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *     *

96.80                 GREBES-SNOWY EGRET

     During fall migration, PIED-BILLED GREBES sometimes pop up in 
brackish water--on 8/25 & 9/2, KM found one at Sallys Bend.

     During the 8/31 pelagic trip off Depoe Bay, two 
spotted (MH & GG et al.).

     A PELAGIC CORMORANT attempted to swallow a large lamprey at 
Alsea Bay on 9/2 (MR).

     Two probable HY GREEN HERONS hung out together along the 
Yachats River on 9/17 (BB).

     GREAT BLUE HERONS are usually not at Yaquina Head except during 
their post-breeding dispersal, and this summer they had an exceptional 
showing there with as many as three during 11 days from 7/15-8/31 

     One SNOWY EGRET was at the mouth of Nute Slough on 9/9 (KM), and 
perhaps the same bird was a half mile north of the Toledo Airport on 
9/14 (CP).  They are not seen every year.
*      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *     *

96.81                       WATERFOWL

    Goose migration is underway.  On 8/25, KM spotted 18 GR. 
WHITE-FRONTED GEESE and one SNOW GOOSE flying over Idaho Flats.  RL 
heard a flock of white-fronts flying SE over his Eckman Lake home at 
1:15 AM during 9/21, and a family flock was at Drift Creek Meadows at 
Gorton Road near Lincoln City on 9/25 (DP).

     Summer and early fall ducks can be difficult to identify because 
they are in eclipse plumage, which most field guides don't show.  SM 
recommends using "Waterfowl: an identification guide to the ducks, 
geese and swans of the world" by Steve Madge and Hilary Burn for 
identifying ducks in eclipse plumage.

     Fall arrivals include a CINNAMON TEAL at Eckman Lake on 8/21 
(DF), a GADWALL and a LESSER SCAUP at Eckman Lake on 8/25 (KM), a 
NORTHERN SHOVELER at Eckman Lake on 9/2 (KM), and a motley 
BLUE-WINGED TEAL at Nute Slough on 9/8 (AF).

     Some waterfowl have already arrived en masse: at least a hundred 
NORTHERN PINTAILS dropped into Alsea Bay on 9/8 (AF), 
200+ AMERICAN WIGEON were at Siletz and Yaquina Bays on 9/13 (RL), and 
22 NORTHERN SHOVELERS visited Idaho Flats on 9/15 (KM).

     A female WOOD DUCK was on Eckman Lake on 8/18 (SL), and the male 
MANDARIN DUCK continues to linger at the Yachats River (BB).

     A summer record 17 HARLEQUIN DUCKS graced Seal Rocks the morning 
of 9/23; one was an adult male that had been banded at Glacier 
National Park, Montana (DP).  The male was the third Glacier NP 
Harlequin that DP has seen at Seal Rocks, so there appears to be 
regular movement of Montana Harlequins to the Oregon central coast.

     Alsea Bay is favored by COMMON MERGANSERS in late summer, when 
they superficially look like Red-breasted's, and KM counted 65 along 
with one well-observed RED-BREASTED MERGANSER on 8/25.  A flock of at 
least 11 female or immature Common Mergansers were at Idaho Flats on 
9/7 (JS) & 9/9 (KM), and 34 Commons were at Sallys Bend on 9/15 (KM).

     HOODED MERGANSERS are starting to make their fall buildup at 
Eckman Lake with 14 counted on 9/15 (KM).
*      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *     *

96.82                 RAPTORS-COOTS

     An immature RED-SHOULDERED HAWK showed up in the marsh south of 
Eckman Lake on 9/8 (AF; RL); they mostly show here in fall.

     A COOPER'S HAWK near Toledo on 9/13 (LO), an OSPREY was very 
active near Lost Creek during 8/28-9/5 (DG), and a NORTHERN HARRIER 
hunted Beaver Creek on 9/21 (LO).

     A PEREGRINE FALCON visited Yaquina Head on 7/3 & 4 and 8/5 (BLM), 
and one was near Seal Rocks on 7/23 (DP).  Our first fall MERLIN was 
harassed by crows near the MSC on 9/17 (DP), and another was at 
Eckman Lake on 9/21 (RL).

     MOUNTAIN QUAIL and RUFFED GROUSE, neither of which are often 
reported, were found east of Beaver Creek in early September (DO), and 
SL found four Mountain Quail near Yachats Mt. on 9/10.  The 
NORTHERN BOBWHITES were still at Neskowin (Tillamook Co.), and SS took 
a nice photo of them.

     VIRGINIA RAILS were noted at Eckman Lake on 9/8 (AF), and the 
first AMERICAN COOTS of the fall were two HY birds at Eckman Lake on 
8/25 (KM).
*      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *     *

96.83                     SHOREBIRDS

     Flocks of seven and four BLACK OYSTERCATCHERS just south of Seal 
Rocks on 9/4 (DP) may indicate a very successful nesting year for 

     Shorebird arrivals include a WANDERING TATTLER at Yaquina Head on 
7/15 (BLM), and a well-observed ROCK SANDPIPER near Seal Rocks on 9/4 
(DP), which is much earlier than in other years.

     RL had not been golfing in many years, so he was not surprised 
that his golf game wasn't what it used to be when he and his son TL 
visited the Crestview Golf Course at Waldport on 9/20.  But they were 
surprised by finding four WHIMBRELS at the 5th hole fairway, and even 
more surprised by an UPLAND SANDPIPER on the green at the 5th hole 
that walked with them to the 6th tee!  The Upland Sandpiper seemed 
unconcerned and was busy catching insects, even though it is very rare 
for Lincoln County.

     SEMIPALMATED SANDPIPERS are rarely reported here, but one was 
noted near Sandpiper Village on 8/26 (DF).  BAIRD'S SANDPIPERS were 
also there on 8/26 & 28 (DF; DP).

     1-2 SPOTTED SANDPIPERS were at Eckman Lake on 8/25 (SL; KM), but 
one near Seal Rocks on 9/4 (DP) was at an unusual location--they are 
more apt to be at freshwater areas, although during their May 
migration stragglers are sometimes along the open coast.

     Four MARBLED GODWITS visited a Lost Creek beach on 9/9 & 10 
(D&MG), and two were at Idaho Flats on 9/8 (AF) & 9/17 (DP).  The only 
WILLET reported so far was at the YBSJ on 9/7 (JS).  
south end of Eckman Lake on 9/1 and Yaquina Bay on 9/1 & 2 (JS).
*      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *     *

96.84                   JAEGERS-GULLS

     During the pelagic trip off Depoe Bay on 8/31, MH & GG et al. 
LONG-TAILED JAEGERS, three unknown jaegers, one SOUTH POLAR SKUA, and 
nine SABINE'S GULLS.  From shore, a probable Parasitic was at Seal 
Rocks on 8/25 (KM), and a Parasitic was identified at the YBSJ on 9/9 
(DC) and Yaquina Head on 9/15 (KM).

     In September, aerial insect swarms that often are of ants, often 
rise high into the sky after the flycatchers and swallows have left.  
But that doesn't mean they are safe--on 9/7, JS saw hundreds of gulls 
up in the air above the MSC; on 9/8, RL noted about 500 gulls feeding 
on aerial ants over Eckman Lake; the 9/21 field trip saw 
EUROPEAN STARLINGS, BONAPARTE'S GULLS and other gulls going after 
aerial insects (LO et al.); and, on 9/25, many gulls and several 
starlings were hawking insects above the MSC (RL & DP).

     On 9/8 at Alsea Bay, RING-BILLED GULLS were the most numerous 
gull, and AF also spotted two HERRING GULLS, the first of the fall.  
But at Idaho Flats on 9/2, 9 & 15, California Gulls continued to be 
the most abundant gull (KM), as they have been since mid-July.
*      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *     *


     During 1978-1990 along 4.5 miles of beach near Thiel Creek, an 
average of 421 HY COMMON MURRES were found beached per summer with 
most summers having a hundred or more (1991 Condor 93:516-525).  This 
year only one HY murre was found in July-August (BL and S&DB), so this 
has been a very atypical year and also a very poor year for murre 
nesting success as very few HY murres were reported along the coast.

     This year was also very poor for adult murre survival as 205 dead 
adults were found at Thiel Creek in June-August, and the previous high 
for June-September was 191 in 1983.  

     Who would have guessed that more dead RHINOCEROS AUKLETS (four 
adults and five HY birds) than murres would be found in August (BL and 
S&DB)!  A total of 20 live Rhinos at Yaquina Head on 9/15 (KM) seems 
like a high number for this time of year.
*      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *     *

96.86               OTHER ALCIDS-JAYS

     TUFTED PUFFINS have been sparse at Yaquina Head the past couple 
of years, but at least two were counted during eight days from 
8/13-31 (BLM).  

     The season's first ANCIENT MURRELET was spotted at Yaquina Head 
on 9/2 (KM).

     300 BAND-TAILED PIGEONS graced a favored spot for them near 
Toledo on 9/2 (PR & PS).

     About VAUX'S SWIFTS aggregated at SS's Neskowin home on 8/26.  
504 were counted flying down a fireplace chimney in Yachats on 9/8; 
when the homeowner heard that the swifts were using her chimney, she 
capped the chimney, so they wouldn't use it anymore (fide JT).  On 
9/11, a flock of about 60 was still in the vicinity (J&ST).  Maybe 
they need some more "chimneys" to use during their fall 
migration--thousands were reported at some chimneys in the Willamette 

     PILEATED WOODPECKERS often make a fall showing to places where 
they are normally absent; this year one visited Thiel Creek on 
9/18 (BL).

and PURPLE MARTINS near Waldport on 9/8 (AF); and VIOLET-GREEN 
SWALLOWS at Beaver Creek on 9/23 (LO).

     GRAY JAYS often put in a fall appearance at some lowland sites; 
they were noted often in late August near Neskowin (SS) and at 
Thornton Creek (DF) and the first arrived at BB's Yachats feeder on 

     Two SCRUB JAYS waiting for their ship to come in at the MSC ship 
support building during the 9/21 field trip (LO et al.) are the first 
here in a some time.
*      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *     *


     Five WESTERN BLUEBIRDS graced Table Mt., NE of Waldport, on 
9/22 (CP).  The season's first VARIED THRUSH at Beaver Creek was heard 
on 9/26 (LO)--they nest at some sites here.

     As reported in last month's Sandpiper, waves of passerines 
sometimes come through in fall.  On 8/26, P&MD saw such a wave in 
Toledo, and, on 9/23, PR found passerines to have become suddenly 
abundant in Newport.

     On 9/16, RL & DP discovered a first year PRAIRIE WARBLER near the 
USFWS building at the MSC; this is the third record in South Beach, 
and all are within about a mile of each other!

     The fall's first TOWNSEND'S WARBLER at Seal Rocks on 8/29 (J&ST) 
is about right on schedule, although we have a smattering of records 
during the summer in past years.   Last reports include a female 
YELLOW WARBLER at the MSC on 9/7 (JS) and a female WILSON'S WARBLER in 
Newport on 9/23 (PR).

     Fall returnees were FOX SPARROWS northeast of Yaquina Head on 
9/15 (CP) and DARK-EYED JUNCO at Yachats on 9/23 (BB).  Juncos nest at 
some sites but are winter residents elsewhere; for example, P&MD saw 
juncos nest building in north Toledo on 6/6.

     We had two sparrows that are rare here show up.  A LARK SPARROW 
visited Nute Slough on 9/8 (AF), and a CLAY-COLORED SPARROW was 
reported along the MSC Nature Trail on 9/15 (fide HN).

     Although not rare, a fall-arriving LINCOLN'S SPARROW at Nute 
Slough on 9/19 (SL) was a good find as they seem to be underreported.

     OBSERVERS.--Bureau of Land Management at Yaquina Head (BLM), 
Betty Bahn, Sara & Don Brown, Dave Copeland, Pat & Meagan Dickey, 
Darrel Faxon, Anthony Floyd, David & Marge Gilbert, Greg Gillson, 
Matt Hunter, Sally Lockyear, Bob Loeffel, Roy & Travis Lowe, 
Sylvia Maulding, Kathy Merrifield, Harry Nehls, Laimons & Dane Osis, 
Chuck Philo, Dave Pitkin, Paul Reed, Mike Rivers, Shirley Schwartz, 
Patty Shreve, Jamie Simmons, Jim & Shirley Thielen.

96.88              October 1996 Bird Field Notes 

     Comments in this column about abundance or seasonality refer to 

     Abbreviations and some Lincoln Co. site locations: Beaver 
Creek=creek flowing through Ona Beach State Park, Eckman Lake=lake 
just east of Waldport along HWY 34, HY=hatch-year (bird hatched in 
1996), Idaho Flats=large embayment just east of the MSC, MSC=Marine 
Science Center, Nute Slough=freshwater slough at about mile 9.3 along 
north Yaquina Bay Road, Ona Beach=State Park about 6.6 mi south of 
Yaquina Bay bridge along HWY 101, Sallys Bend=large embayment east of 
the LNG tank at Yaquina Bay, Thiel Creek=creek south of Airport and 
about 3.5 mi south of Yaquina Bay bridge, YBSJ=Yaquina Bay South 
*      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *     *

96.89                GREBES-TUBENOSES

     At Yaquina Head, two CLARK'S GREBES arrived on 10/6 (KM), and 
PACIFIC LOONS were flying south at a rate of about 10/minute on 10/20 

     The 10/5 pelagic trip from Depoe Bay to Heceta Banks was very 
fruitful with a possible WHITE-CAPPED ALBATROSS, 80 BLACK-FOOTED 

     At Yaquina Head, KM spotted a Pink-footed, one Buller's, and 15 
Sooty or SHORT-TAILED SHEARWATERS on 9/21, and two Pink-footed's on 
10/6.  At Seal Rocks, Sooties/Short-tailed's were flying south at a 
rate of about 9/minute on 10/6 (KM).

     Fall tubenose mortalities have also started: a NORTHERN FULMAR, 
along 4.5 mi beach near Thiel Creek in early September (BL, S&DB).  
*      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *     *

96.90               CORMORANT-HERON

     Fall is the time of migration, not only of waterfowl, but also of 
"faux" geese, DOUBLE-CRESTED CORMORANTS that, when migrating in "V" 
formation or in strings can, appear to be geese.  Our first reports of 
southerly migrant Double-crests were 75 over Salishan Spit and about 
60 over Depoe Bay on 10/8 (RL & DP).  Strings of Double-crests were 
also seen flying south past Boiler Bay on 10/19 (AC & RH), and many 
immatures were in flocks flying past Seal Rock on 10/20 (KM) and south 
of Waldport on 10/26 (RL). 

     AMERICAN BITTERNS are often missed, but KM discovered one at the 
NE corner of Eckman Lake on 9/21 that was standing with its head up 
amongst the emergent vegetation like a textbook bittern should do!

     Our only GREEN HERON was at Eckman Lake on 10/19 (SL)--will it 
stay or will it emigrate like most do?
*      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *     *

96.91                         WATERFOWL

     Fall arrival dates for waterfowl include CANVASBACKS at Eckman 
Lake on 9/29 (CL & CC), a male EURASIAN WIGEON in eclipse plumage at 
Idaho Flats on 9/29 (KM), RING-NECKED DUCKS at Nute Slough (KM) and 
Eckman Lake on 9/29 (CL & CC), seven CACKLING CANADA GEESE flying 
around Siletz Bay on 9/30 (RL), RUDDY DUCKS at Eckman Lake during the 
10/19 Corvallis Audubon field trip (MC, JP, et al.), an OLDSQUAW at 
Yaquina Head on 10/20 (KM), a male hybrid AMERICAN x EURASIAN WIGEON 
at Idaho Flats on 10/20 (KM), 10 BRANT at Idaho Flats on 10/25 (RB), 
and 44 TUNDRA SWANS at Idaho Flats on 10/28 (RL & DP).  Three Brant at 
Florence (Lane Co.) on 10/5 (RW) probably oversummered.

     Two pairs of WOOD DUCKS graced the middle pond of Newport 
Reservoir on 10/12 (P&MD), and one was at Eckman Lake on 10/15 (SL).  
The male MANDARIN DUCK lingers at Yachats on 9/21 and was eating 
Enteromorpha algae, so it does not subsist only on handouts from 
people (KM).

     DF discovered a male REDHEAD at the YBSJ on 8/11, which is 
extraordinarily early (they usually arrive in late October) as well as 
an unusual spot for one.  

     A southerly migration of SURF SCOTERS and WHITE-WINGED SCOTERS 
was occurring on 9/21 with 1,700 flying south past Yaquina Head, Seal 
Rocks, and Yachats during about 2.5 hours of observation in flocks of 
4-280 scoters each (KM).  Hundreds were also flying south past Yachats 
on 10/6 (KM).

     Eckman Lake is a favored place for HOODED MERGANSERS in fall and 
26-40+ were there on 9/21 (KM) and 9/29 (CL & CC).  They prefer 
freshwater but in fall sometimes appear in brackish water, such as one 
in female-type plumage at Sallys Bend on 9/29 (KM).

     13 COMMON MERGANSERS in female-type plumage at Idaho Flats on 
9/29 were studied to be sure they were not RED-BREASTED MERGANSERS 
(KM).  The first fall flock of Red-breasted's may have been at the 
YBSJ on 10/19 (MC, JP, et al.), and a flock of 15 were studied the 
next day at Sallys Bend (KM).
*      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *     *

96.92                      HAWKS & FALCONS

     Accipiter reports increased this month and included one 
SHARP-SHINNED HAWK at Eckman Lake on 8/18 (RL), the MSC on 10/18 (RL), 
and south of Waldport on 10/26 (RL); a COOPER'S HAWK hunted Siletz Bay 
on 8/19 (RL) and 10/19 (AC & RH), and two Cooper's were at Toledo on 
9/27 (P&MD).

     Two RED-TAILED HAWKS put on a show by soaring over the tip of 
Cape Foulweather on 9/26 (KP).

     It was a very good month for MERLIN with one at Beaver Creek on 
9/29 (KM), one perching and watching people along the south side of 
Yaquina Head on 10/6 (KM), and one holding a dragonfly in its talons 
flew over KM at lower Beaver Creek on 10/13.  Another was chased by a 
crow at the YBSJ during the 10/19 YB&N field trip (CP et al.), and 
perhaps the same Merlin was also being chased by birds at the MSC on 
10/22 (RL).  On 10/19, a female Merlin landed on a tree near the 
Yaquina Head Lighthouse (MC, JP, et al.), and, on 10/28, one intently 
watched SL's bird feeder in Yachats.

     1-2 PEREGRINE FALCONS were at Yaquina Head on 9/5, 17, & 27 (BLM) 
and Siletz Bay on 10/17 (BT & DF) and 10/19 (AC & RH).  One spooked a 
flock of wigeon at Idaho Flats on 10/19 (MC, JP, et al.).

     One OSPREY flew over the Yaquina Head Lighthouse on 9/7 (BLM), 
and another lingered on Siletz River in the Siletz/Logsden area in 
late September (DS).
*      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *     *

96.93               QUAIL-SHOREBIRDS

     About 10 MOUNTAIN QUAIL graced GS's Newport yard in early 

     Our only rails or Soras were VIRGINIA RAILS calling at Eckman 
Lake on 9/29 (CL & CC) and at the south edge of Eckman Lakeon 10/19 
(MC, JP, et al.).

     2-3 BLACK OYSTERCATCHERS seen from Yaquina Bay State Park on 
10/1 & 15 (P&MD) were a little out of place, but others have 
occasionally shown up along the Yaquina jetties before.

     This appears to be a remarkable fall for MARBLED GODWITS.  
Usually a few scattered ones show up, but the numbers this fall are 
higher than usual.  At Siletz Bay, 40 roamed on 10/8 (RL), four were 
noted on 10/17 (BT & DF), and 16 dodged a Peregrine Falcon on 10/19 
(AC & RH).  At Yaquina Bay, 26-28 were at Idaho Flats on 10/19 (MC, 
JP, et al.) and 10/20 (KM), and 4-8 visited a YBSJ road puddle on 
10/19 (SD; MC, JP, et al.) and 10/24 (CP).  Elsewhere, one was south 
of Seal Rocks on 9/24 (DP).

     1-3 PECTORAL SANDPIPERS were at the MSC on 9/29 (CL & CC) and 
10/19 (MC, JP, et al.), one was near the mouth of a coastal creek 
south of Seal Rocks on 9/24 (DP), and some were at Siletz Bay on 10/17 
(BT & DF).

     Uncommon fall shorebirds included an AMERICAN GOLDEN-PLOVER at 
Siletz Bay on 10/19 (SD) and at a puddle along the YBSJ road on 10/19 
(SD), 10/23 (DF), and 10/25 (CP).  A RED KNOT at Idaho Flats 
on 10/20 (KM) is also uncommon--they are common in spring.

     An "island" at the south shore of Eckman Lake has been a good 
spot for DOWITCHERS in recent years and 300 were there on 9/29 (CL & 

     47 WHIMBRELS were at Florence on 9/1 (RW), but only 1-2 were 
south of Seal Rocks on 9/24 & 30 (DP), at Idaho Flats on 9/29 (CL & 
CC), at Seal Rock on 10/2 (LO) and on a cliff at Yaquina Head on 10/19 
(MC, JP, et al.).

     A WILLET and the first fall COMMON SNIPE were at the MSC on 
10/19 (MC, JP, et al.).
*      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *     *

96.94                  SKUAS, JAEGERS, & GULLS

     A record eight SOUTH POLAR SKUAS along with 22 POMARINE JAEGERS, 
a possible PARASITIC JAEGER, and two immature LONG-TAILED JAEGERS were 
spotted during the 10/5 pelagic trip from Depoe Bay (MH, GG et al.).

     CALIFORNIA GULLS (400) were the most abundant gull during the 
10/5 Depoe Bay pelagic trip, but six SABINE'S GULLS were also noted 
(MH, GG et al.).  

     On 9/21 & 29, about 80% of gulls at Alsea Bay, the Yachats River 
mouth, and Sally's Bend were California's (KM), and on 10/6, about 95% 
of the 900 gulls at the Yachats River mouth and 60% of the 1,100 gulls 
at Idaho Flats were California's (KM).

     On 10/20 at Yaquina Head, hundreds of gulls, including 
GULLS, and a flock of 22 BONAPARTE'S GULLS flew south (KM).  The same 
day at Yachats, gulls were also heading south with flocks of 8 and 22 
Bonaparte's and California's and Heermann's Gulls each flying at a 
rate of about 12/minute (KM).  

     25 BLACK-LEGGED KITTIWAKES were seen from Boiler Bay on 10/19 (AC 
& RH).
*      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *     *

96.95                      PIGEON GUILLEMOT

     Not so many years ago it was rare to have any reports of 
PIGEON GUILLEMOTS in fall or winter, but it is not clear if the recent 
increase in reports is because of more or better observation effort or 
an actual increase in PG's wintering close to shore.

     1-4 winter-plumaged PG's were at Yaquina Head on 9/21 & 29 and 
10/20 (KM) and Boiler Bay on 10/17 (BT & DF).  8-9 PG's were at 
Yaquina Head on 10/6 (KM) and Boiler Bay on 10/19 (AC & RH).  

     KM reports that three of the eight she saw at Yaquina Head on 
10/6 had dark heads, so they were probably HY birds, but three on 
10/20 had light heads that indicate they were adults.  So perhaps both 
adults and HY PG's winter here?
*      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *     *

96.96                        OTHER ALCIDS

     11-19 MARBLED MURRELETS floated at Yaquina Head on 9/21 and 10/6 
and Seal Rocks on 10/20 (KM), nine were at Yachats on 10/6 (KM), and 
1-7 were at Boiler Bay on 10/17 (BT & DF) and 10/19 (AC & RH).

     A few COMMON MURRES were at Boiler Bay on 10/17 (BT & DF) and 
10/19 (AC & RH); 15 were at Seal Rocks, 30 visited Yachats on 9/21 
(KM), and 75 in transitional plumage were noticed at Yaquina Head on 
10/6 (KM).

     5-9 RHINOCEROS AUKLETS were viewed at Yaquina Head on 9/21 and 
10/6 and at Yachats on 10/6 (KM), and 1-2 CASSIN'S AUKLETS were espied 
at Yaquina Head on 9/21 & 29 (KM) and at Boiler Bay on 10/19 (AC & 
*      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *     *

96.97               HUMMINGBIRD-THRUSHES

     Fall arrivals at J&JG's Yachats home on 9/26 included a male 

     RED-BREASTED SAPSUCKERS show up at some coastal sites during fall 
with two feeding on cascara trees at Thiel Creek on 9/24 (BL) and one 
on SS's fruit trees near Neskowin (Tillamook Co.) on 9/26.

     A lingering VIOLET-GREEN SWALLOW hunted the MSC on 10/19 (MC, JP, 
et al.), which is nine days later than our previous latest fall date.

     Two WESTERN SCRUB-JAYS (new name) visited LO's north Beaver Creek 
feeder on 10/2, and KM saw perhaps the same birds at lower Beaver 
Creek on 10/6.  GRAY JAYS continued at SS's Neskowin home in 

     BUSHTITS were abundant at the Salmon River, Devils Lake, and 
Nelscott in early October (RG).

     A probable WHITE-BREASTED NUTHATCH was glimpsed at Ona Beach on 
10/19 (MC, JP, et al.)--we have less than a dozen records of them for 
Lincoln Co.

     Seven WESTERN BLUEBIRDS flycatching about a half mile east of the 
Newport Airport were a pleasant surprise for BL on 10/15.  Thanks to 
changing forestry practices with more snags being left and projects 
such as the Corvallis Bluebird Trail, they are making a comeback in 
the Coast Range.

     Other fall arrivals on 10/19 include HERMIT THRUSHES at Yaquina 
Bay and a flock of AMERICAN PIPITS at Beaver Creek (MC, JP, et al.).
*      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *     *

96.98                  WARBLERS-SNOW BUNTING

     A massive wave of warblers passed by CP's Toledo home on 10/13, 
WARBLERS, and a HERMIT WARBLER.  The Hermit set a new late date for 
them, but Black-throated Grays are seen in early October in many 

     Perhaps part of that same movement, SL found a small band of 
Townsend's Warblers and five CEDAR WAXWINGS at the SE edge of Eckman 
Lake on 10/18.

     The first fall SNOW BUNTING graced the YBSJ road during the 10/19 
YB&N field trip (CP et al.).

     OBSERVERS.--BLM (Bureau of Land Management at Yaquina Head), 
Range Bayer, Sara & Don Brown, Catharina Coenen, Alan Contreras, 
Marcia Cutler, Pat & Meagan Dickey, Steve Dowlan, Darrel Faxon, 
Jim & Janice Gerdemann, Greg Gillson, Ruth Goodrich, Rich Hoyer Jr., 
Matt Hunter, Sally Lockyear, Bob Loeffel, Roy Lowe, Chris Lundberg, 
Kathy Merrifield, Laimons Osis, Katherine Peyton, Chuck Philo, 
Dave Pitkin, Jon Plissner, Gerti Schramm, Shirley Schwartz, 
Dorothy Scott, Bill Tice, and Ruth Warren.

96.99          November 1996 Bird Field Notes

     Comments in this column about abundance or seasonality refer to 

     Abbreviations and some Lincoln Co. site locations: Beaver 
Creek=creek flowing through Ona Beach State Park, Drift Creek Pasture 
at Gorton Road=field ESE of Cutler City (Siletz Bay), Eckman Lake=lake 
just east of Waldport along HWY 34, Hidden Valley=valley between 
Newport and Toledo accessible by downward road at about mile 11.9 
along north Yaquina Bay Road, Idaho Flats=large embayment just east of 
the MSC, Lost Creek SP=park about 4.75 mi south of Yaquina Bay bridge, 
MSC=Marine Science Center, Sallys Bend=large embayment east of the LNG 
tank at Yaquina Bay, Thiel Creek=creek south of Airport and about 
3.5 mi south of Yaquina Bay bridge, YBSJ=Yaquina Bay South Jetty.
*      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *     *

96.100                FISHING GEAR ENTANGLEMENT

     Sometimes we become complacent and think that problems that occur 
elsewhere, don't occur here.  But birds and other animals get 
entangled in fishing gear here as well as elsewhere.  

     In early November, BLo noted a "ball" of dead birds that included 
gulls, fulmars, and jaegers that were entangled in monofilament 
fishing line that washed ashore near Thiel Creek.  In late October 
through mid-November, a northern sea lion on an island off Seal Rocks 
had a blue fishing net around its neck (LO).  On p. A5 of the Nov. 6 
Newport "News-Times" newspaper was a picture and a story of a Western 
Grebe that had become entangled in monofilament line at Devils Lake.

     So, picking up abandoned monofilament line, fishing nets, or 
6-pack holders may not save the world, but it makes a difference to 
the animal that may have become entangled in it.
*      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *     *

96.101                      GREBES-SWANS

     At least 60 HORNED GREBES at Boiler Bay on 11/23 (PS) is a large 
concentration for there and probably represents fall migration.

     In October, two NORTHERN FULMARS, five SOOTY SHEARWATERS, one 
4.5 miles of beach at Thiel Creek (BL, S&DB).

     It appears that an extraordinary number of BROWN PELICANS were 
concentrated along the Lincoln County coast in early November--at 
least we had an extraordinary number of reports of high numbers.  On 
10/26, BLl saw 150 pelicans flying in a line at the YBSJ; on 10/31, KP 
saw several hundred pelicans on Gull Rock near Cape Foulweather; on 
11/3 & 4, GM noted about a hundred pelicans on the beach at Beverly 
Beach, the most he has ever seen there in his 18 years of living 
there; and on 11/3, SB found 70 pelicans standing on the north shore 
of the mouth of Beaver Creek.  In early November, DG spotted many 
flying south past Lost Creek, BLh (fide MP) reported over 1,000 on 
rocks near Otter Crest, and J&JG spotted a hundred at Alsea Bay.

     We had no large counts of GREAT EGRETS--in past years, careful 
censuses have found about 30 at Yaquina Bay.  The high count this 
month was five at the West Pond at Oregon Coast Aquarium on 11/7 
(BLl).  One put on a great show at Lint Slough, Alsea Bay, during the 
11/16 YB&N field trip--we could see the color of its eyes and some 

     On 11/23, CM spotted a distant, small white heron at Siletz Bay 
that was tentatively identified as an immature LITTLE BLUE HERON.  
Other possibilities that are more expected include Cattle or Snowy 

     So far, no CATTLE EGRETS have been reported this fall in 
Lincoln Co., although they have been seen to the north.

     At the Siuslaw South Jetty (Lane Co.), only two TUNDRA SWANS had 
arrived by 11/14 (RW); we had no reports for Lincoln Co. this month, 
but they are only fall vagrants here.
*      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *     *

96.102                          GEESE

     On 11/12 at the SE corner of Siletz Bay, RL discovered 200 Dusky 
and 10 Taverner CANADA GEESE, which is the most that he has found on 
the ground in Lincoln Co.

     At Nestucca Bay (Tillamook Co.) on 11/5, DP had an exceptional 
day with six subspecies of Canadas (Dusky, Lesser, Western, 
Taverner's, Cackling, and Aleutian), a collared SNOW GOOSE from 
Wrangell Island, Russia (in the Chukchi Sea), and a ROSS' GOOSE!  
We have no records of Ross' Goose for Lincoln Co.

     A colorbanded family of five BLACK BRANT that had arrived at 
Yaquina Bay on 10/28 was still around on 11/14, along with 91 other 
Brant (DP).
*      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *     *


     On 11/10, KM discovered one REDHEAD at Eckman Lake and 19 at 
Sallys Bend, a favored site for them.

     6-7 HARLEQUIN DUCKS graced the YBSJ on 10/29 (BLl) and 11/19 
(RO & TD).

     1-2 OLDSQUAWS were at Yaquina Head on 10/27 (KM), 10/31 (RL & 
DP), and 11/10 (KM); at Alsea Bay on 11/12 (fide HN), and at YBSJ on 
11/24 (PS) and 12/1 (CP).

     At least 40 HOODED MERGANSERS were at Eckman Lake on 11/10 (KM), 
11/11 (RL), and 11/16 (YB&N field trip).

     One adult BALD EAGLE flew around Gull Rock during the very 
beautiful day of 10/31 (KP), and an adult was feeding on a fish 
carcass (?) at the mouth of Beaver Creek on 11/15 (LO).

     RED-SHOULDERED HAWKS are becoming more common here in winter, 
with an adult at Drift Creek Pasture at Gorton Road on 11/12 (RL) and 
another adult at the west end of Hidden Valley on 11/22 (CP).  Both 
sites have had single Red-shouldereds in recent winters.

     At 6:40 AM on 10/31, two calling RED-TAILED HAWKS soared and 
circled over SS's head at her Neskowin home (Tillamook Co.); they were 
high enough that the upcoming sun reflected on their bodies as the 
moon hung in the opposite side of the sky.

     Our only accipiter was a SHARP-SHINNED HAWK at Logsden on 11/4 

     One MERLIN graced Yaquina Head on 10/5-7 (BLM), Rocky Point 
(a mountain in NE Lincoln Co.) on 11/1 (CP), and Idaho Flats on 
11/8 (RR).  One at Idaho Flats exhibited what seems to be an 
odd-Merlin behavior of poking through the mud (RR).

     On 11/5, two NORTHERN BOBWHITES reappeared at SS's Neskowin home 
and were noted as late as 11/21.  They are probably escapees.
*      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *     *

96.104                        SHOREBIRDS

     Our high counts of BLACK OYSTERCATCHERS were 12-14 at Seal Rocks 
on 10/27 (KM) and 10/29 (LO).

     Our latest SEMIPALMATED PLOVER was at the YBSJ on 11/20 (RO & 
TD), and two PACIFIC GOLDEN-PLOVERS visited the mouth of Alsea Bay on 
11/7 (SL).

     1-2 WHIMBRELS were at Yaquina Head on 10/28 (BLM), Yaquina Bay on 
11/14 (DP), Seal Rocks on 11/15 (LO), and the YBSJ mud puddle 
on 11/19 (CP).

     A WILLET lingered at Yaquina Bay on 11/14 (SM & SN) and at 
Idaho Flats on 11/20 (RO & TD).

     MARBLED GODWITS continued to make a good showing.  1-6 were at 
Idaho Flats on 10/30 (RO), 11/8 (DP), 11/19 (RO & TD), and 11/20 (DP); 
one was also at the YBSJ mud puddle on 11/20 (CP).  Elsewhere, one was 
viewed at north Alsea Bay on 11/10 (KM), and 25 were at Siletz Bay on 
11/25 (fide HN).

     1-6 ROCK SANDPIPERS hung out near the Depoe Bay seawall on 11/14 
(SM & SN), 11/17 (SD), and 11/23 (M&LH).

     SPOTTED SANDPIPERS are present in small numbers in the fresher 
portion of estuaries in winter; P&MD found one in Yaquina Bay near 
Toledo on 10/28 and 11/8, and SL spotted one at the edge of Lint 
Slough (Alsea Bay) on 11/23.

     12-25 COMMON SNIPE foraged at south Beaver Creek on 10/27 and 
11/10 (KM).

     A male RED PHALAROPE in breeding plumage visited Sallys Bend on 
12/1 (CP).
*      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *     *

96.105                          GULLS

     A first year GLAUCOUS GULL pecked at a beached carcass at the 
mouth of a creek near Waldport on 11/24 (PS)--it is our first of the 

     Our only BLACK-LEGGED KITTIWAKE was keeping company with other 
gulls at the YBSJ mud puddle on 12/1 (CP).  A THAYER'S GULL was at 
Yachats on 11/13 (SM & SN).
*      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *     *

96.106                          ALCIDS

     As in other winters, ANCIENT MURRELETS were the most common 
murrelet, and perhaps the most numerous alcid.  One was at YBSJ on 
10/27 (KM).  At Yaquina Head, there were 13 on 10/31, and two started 
calling, a sound not reported here often (RL & DP); and at least 29 
were counted on 11/10 (KM).  At Boiler Bay, 3-7 were noted on 11/14 
(SM & SN) and 11/23 (PS; M&LH); 22 Ancient's were noted on 11/12 (fide 

     Two MARBLED MURRELETS were at Boiler Bay on 11/23 (M&LH), and SS 
heard them near daybreak at her Neskowin home on 11/6 & 13.

     1-2 CASSIN'S AUKLETS visited Boiler Bay on 11/12 (fide HN) and 
Yaquina Head on 11/10 (KM).

     A very rare THICK-BILLED MURRE was reported at Boiler Bay on 
11/14 (SM & SN).  Because some adult Common Murres can already be in 
breeding plumage (e.g., 1990 British Birds 83:55-66) and murre age 
classes can differ in plumage coloration, distinguishing Thick-billeds 
is not as easy as it might seem in field guides.

     Three PIGEON GUILLEMOTS in winter plumage graced Yaquina Head on 
11/10 (KM) and Boiler Bay on 11/23 (M&LH).
*      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *     *

96.107                  DOVE-MEADOWLARK

     The latest MOURNING DOVE was at one of J&DC's Toledo feeders on 
11/25; they sometimes have a dozen species present at a time. 

     As many as four SNOWY OWLS have been found in Tillamook County 
recently, one was also at Coos Bay, and several have been elsewhere in 
western Oregon, but none have been discovered in Lincoln County so 
far.  The big winter for Snowy Owls here was from November 1973 
through early April 1974, when several were regularly seen by many 
observers at South Beach and Waldport.  Our only report of one since 
then was on 24 November 1977, so we are overdue!

     A male and female ANNA'S HUMMINGBIRD hovered near J&JG's Yachats 
home in mid-November.

     A WESTERN SCRUB-JAY was at Alsea Bay on 11/12 (MA), and at least 
five GRAY JAYS lingered to feed on holly berries at SS's Neskowin home 
on 11/21.

     A MOUNTAIN CHICKADEE visiting a feeder about two miles south of 
Waldport during the last three weeks in October (DL) is the first one 
here for some time.  Another was possibly at Idaho Point at the east 
edge of Idaho Flats on 11/14 (fide MA).  Our best year for multiple 
records at several sites was during the 1983-84 winter.

     RED-BREASTED NUTHATCHES appear to be more common this winter than 
in some time, and LHe first noted them at her Newport feeder on 
Thanksgiving, 11/28.

     MARSH WRENS were at lower Beaver Creek marsh on 11/10 (KM), east 
edge of Toledo on 11/12 (P&MD), and at the MSC on 11/14 (SM & SN).

     With the arrival of colder weather, VARIED THRUSHES have been 
invading even more lowlands, including Lost Creek on 11/18 (DG).

     A SWAMP SPARROW skulked at the MSC on 11/14 (SM & SN) and near 
the eastern HWY 20 exit to Toledo on 11/23 (M&LH).  They seem to be 

     Fall arrivals include 1-3 WESTERN MEADOWLARKS at the YBSJ on 
11/6 (BLl) and the MSC on 11/14 (MA), and a LAPLAND LONGSPUR at 
Yaquina Head on 10/19-21 (BLM); Laplands usually are only fall and 
spring vagrants in Lincoln Co.

     OBSERVERS.--Mike Adam, Sue Bennett, BLM (Bureau of Land 
Management at Yaquina Head), Sara & Don Brown, Jesse & Doris Crabtree, 
Tom Dahlin, Pat & Meagan Dickey, Steve Dowlan, Jim & Janice Gerdemann, 
Dave Gilbert, Louise Hemphill (LHe), Matt & Lisa Hunter, Dave Larson, 
Bob Llewellyn (BLl), Sally Lockyear, Bob Loeffel (BLo), 
Bob Loehning (BLh), Roy Lowe, Sylvia Maulding, Kathy Merrifield, 
Casey Mills, Gordon Morris, Harry Nehls, Sally Nelson, Robert Olson, 
Laimons Osis, Mike Patterson, Katherine Peyton, Chuck Philo, 
Dave Pitkin, Roger Robb, Shirley Schwartz, Paul Sullivan, 
and Ruth Warren.

96.108          December 1996 Bird Field Notes

     Comments in this column about abundance or seasonality refer to 

     Abbreviations and some Lincoln Co. site locations: Bayview 
Pasture=field east of junction of Beaver Creek Road and North Alsea 
Bay Road, Beaver Creek=creek flowing through Ona Beach State Park, 
Drift Creek Pasture=field south of Gorton Road (from HWY 101 south of 
Cutler City, turn onto Drift Cr. Road, drive about 0.4 mi, and then 
turn onto Gorton Road), Eckman Lake=lake just east of Waldport along 
HWY 34, Idaho Flats=large embayment just east of the MSC, MSC=Marine 
Science Center, Sallys Bend=large embayment east of the LNG tank at 
Yaquina Bay, Thiel Creek=creek south of Airport and about 3.5 mi south 
of Yaquina Bay bridge, YBSJ=Yaquina Bay South Jetty.
*      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *     *

96.109                  LOONS-HERON

     An elusive YELLOW-BILLED LOON visited the YBSJ on 12/9 (SDo & 
SDu; MT) and 12/19 (TL).  Thousands of southbound PACIFIC LOONS passed 
Boiler Bay on 12/10 (AC & RH).  

     At Boiler Bay, one EARED GREBE remained on 11/30 (SR), 
12/14 (AC et al.), and 12/18 (DB).  Another Eared was at the YBSJ on 
12/10 (JS & RH) and 12/12 (KG), and one Eared washed ashore along 
4.5 mi of beach near Thiel Creek on 11/8 (BL, S&DB).

     Our latest BROWN PELICAN visited Alsea Bay on 12/4 (SL) and YBSJ 
on 12/10 (JS & RH).

     Our only CATTLE EGRET report was of one about three miles east of 
Waldport at Thanksgiving and early December (JF).

     An adult GREAT BLUE HERON facing west on one of the rocks at Seal 
Rocks (an unusual site for them) on 12/22 (KM) may have been 
contemplating if the ocean was the puddle remaining after all our 
*      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *     *

96.110                        WATERFOWL

     The big news for rarities this month was "Queen Eida," a female 
KING EIDER seen along the YBSJ in the main channel between the Yaquina 
Bay Bridge and about the first rock finger west of the bridge on 12/8 
by KM.  KM promptly reported it, so CP & DP were able to confirm it 
within a few hours.  Queen Eida has lingered, so many people have had 
a chance to see her.  She often hangs out with the scoters but is 
larger and browner.  The latest report is for 12/23 (RO, S&DO).

     189 BRANT had arrived at Yaquina Bay by 12/6 (DP), which is down 
considerably from the early 1980's.  47 of them were birds hatched 
this year (DP).

     A few EURASIAN WIGEON occur amongst the American Wigeon, but 
usually only males are reported.  Our high count this month was four 
males and three females at Idaho Flats on 12/5; all females were the 
rufous morph with a very brown head (RH).  KM viewed six males amongst 
3,100 American Wigeon there on 11/24.

     GADWALLS and other dabbling ducks usually tip-up to feed, but on 
12/22 at Eckman Lake, KM saw that 15 of 35 were diving.  An observant 
KM writes: "The dive was started by using the same motion as a tip-up 
but more vigorous.  After a vertical tail-up position was achieved, a 
Gadwall immediately gave another underwater (but near surface) kick 
with both feet simultaneously to push itself straight down.  It 
submerged for 5-10 sec and popped back to the surface quickly, with a 
little splash, instead of surfacing more slowly."  They are probably 
too buoyant to stay down long.

     The first BARROW'S GOLDENEYES arrived near Waldport's port docks 
on 11/27 (JW), and 1-2 were also seen there the next few days (SL; 
D&LL).  On 12/22, KM found two adult males, two adult females, and an 
immature there.  This is the only place in Lincoln Co. where they have 
been regularly found in winter.  The female Barrow's with 
10 COMMON GOLDENEYES at Siletz Bay on 12/14 (AC et al.) is a rarity at 
that site.

     16 REDHEADS hung out at Sallys Bend on 11/24 (KM), five were at 
Yaquina Bay on 12/21 (TJ), and 19 were at Sallys Bend on 12/22 (KM).

     An OLDSQUAW was often seen near the King Eider at the YBSJ by 
many observers.  The highest count was three on 12/5 (RH) and 
12/14 (CL).  AC writes about a pair that he saw there on 12/1: "The 
male was an adult with black breast and a long tail just the way they 
are supposed to look but never do.  The tail dragged in the water most 
of the time but when the bird dove the tail whipped out of the water 
like a flag.  Here's to the Brits who have the good sense to call this 
beautiful creature Long-tailed Duck."

     Hundreds of WHITE-WINGED SCOTERS flew south past Boiler Bay on 
12/1 (AC).  About 60% of the 350 scoters northeast of Yaquina Head on 
11/24 were BLACK SCOTERS; the remaining 40% were SURF SCOTERS (KM); 
most of the 750 scoters there on 12/22 were Black and Surf Scoters.
*      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *     *

96.111                      EAGLES & HAWKS

     Two BALD EAGLES were at Yaquina Head on 11/30 (BLM); usually only 
singletons are uncommon there. 

     On 12/21, SS was treated to an impressive view of a perched 
RED-TAILED HAWK at her Neskowin home (Tillamook Co.) for 50 minutes.  
Often we may look from bird to bird, only identifying them to species 
and not taking the time to really see each bird as it is.  SS writes: 
"I saw his red tail feathers, the light-colored tips of the tail 
feathers, the light spot on his beak, and even his eyeball!  It 
started out with a head-on view, then he turned to afford a side view.  
He also turned his head to look over his back.  He stood on one foot 
for a while.  He moved from a power pole to an alder to an evergreen 
and back to the pole.  After 40 minutes he flew to another power pole, 
and 10 minutes later he soared over Neskowin Creek and out of sight."  
A study of 50 minutes may try our patience, especially during the 
Holiday Season, but such a study is a gift that adds a depth to our 
experience of Nature that is not possible in an identifying glimpse.

     A juvenile SHARP-SHINNED HAWK visited D&BM's feeders south of 
Waldport on 11/20, and an unknown accipiter swooped by their feeder on 
*      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *     *

96.112                 FALCONS-BOBWHITE

     One PEREGRINE FALCON was at Mooloch Beach on 11/30 (SR), and at 
Yaquina Head during five days in November (BLM).  An immature chased 
gulls over the surf 200 yards off Depoe Bay on 12/7 (MH & GG), and a 
Peregrine was at Siletz Bay on 12/14 (AC et al.).  At the YBSJ, an 
adult of the blue-backed race bathed in the puddles along the YBSJ 
road on 12/1 (AC), an immature carried off a grebe while being pursued 
by a Red-tailed Hawk on 12/9 (SDo & SDu), one zoomed by on 12/19 (TL), 
and one perched on a rock near the first rock finger seemed to 
intentionally scare birds perched on the rocks as it flew low over 
them on 12/20 (CP). 

     One MERLIN was at Newport on 12/9 (BB).  Also, a tailless Merlin 
visited the YBSJ on 12/8; in flight, it resembled a shorebird (MH & 
GG)!  Another was hunting from a lightpost near the Wecoma Dock at the 
MSC on 12/9 (SDo & SDu).

     An AMERICAN KESTREL started frequenting Yaquina Head in late 
November (BLM), a favored wintering spot.

     A male NORTHERN BOBWHITE still remains at SS's home near Neskowin 
on 12/13.  A covey first appeared there on Jan. 28--if only one 
remains, it doesn't bode well for them.
*      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *     *

96.113                HIGH TIDE SHOREBIRD ROOSTS

     Drift Creek pasture, east of Cutler City, has regularly been used 
as a high tide roost by many wintering shorebirds.  A Mountain Plover 
was found there several years ago.

     On 11/30, 140 BLACK-BELLIED PLOVERS were counted there (SR).  On 
12/7, MH & GG visited and found 80+ Black-bellieds, 200+ SANDERLINGS, 

     Our only other known shorebird high tide roost is at Bayview 
Pasture, north of Alsea Bay.  On 11/24, KM found seven Black-bellied 
Plovers and 23 Dunlin there.
*      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *     *


     A SNOWY PLOVER, which is now rare here was at Idaho Flats near 
the MSC Nature Trail on 12/20 (AF).

     MARBLED GODWITS continue to make an extraordinary winter showing 
with 25 at Siletz Bay on 12/10 (AC & RH).

      At Depoe Bay, two ROCK SANDPIPERS were on the rocks below the 
whale statue on 12/1 (J&RC), 1-6 were noted on 12/9 and 12/14 (BB; 
SDo & SDu; CL), and one was below the Made in Oregon store on 12/19 
(TL).  1-2 were at YBSJ on 12/1 (AC) and 12/19 (TL), but the award for 
finding them at the most places goes to MC & PV, who found one at 
Boiler Bay, three at Depoe Bay, and another at the YBSJ on 12/22.

     Four WHIMBRELS flew over the YBSJ on 12/14 (AC et al.), and three 
were near the MSC on 12/19 (TL).  They were last reported at Yaquina 
Head, where they don't winter, on 11/6 (BLM).

     One WILLET was near the MSC on 12/19 (TL).

     Three GREATER YELLOWLEGS, which regularly winter here away from 
saltwater but are often missed, were at Yaquina Estuary near Oregon 
Oyster on 12/22 (MC & PV).

     A calling COMMON SNIPE flew over the MSC at 1 AM on 12/16 (RB).

     A probable POMARINE JAEGER was chasing gulls at Boiler Bay on 
12/8 (MH & GG).
*      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *     *

96.115                          GULLS

     GULLS along the coast will often fly up to forage on an aerial 
swarm of mating insects--these swarms are usually in late summer and 
early fall after most of the insect-eating birds such as swallows have 
left and seem to be triggered by very warm temperatures.  This year, 
RL spotted a swarm of carpenter ants with attendant gulls at Angell 
Job Corps, south of Waldport, on a very warm day in early November 
(perhaps 11/2).  This may be our latest date for such swarms.

     A third-winter GLAUCOUS GULL was at a puddle along the YBSJ road 
on 12/1 (AC).

     CALIFORNIA GULLS are still in abundance as RH viewed 400+ at 
Idaho Flats on 12/5 and 200+ at the YBSJ on 12/10.

     The 5+ BONAPARTE'S GULLS at the YBSJ on 12/10 (RH) may be our 
latest this winter.

     At Boiler Bay, there were eight BLACK-LEGGED KITTIWAKES on 11/30 
(SR), 60+ on 12/1 (AC), and at least two adults on 12/8 (MH & GG).  
One was at the YBSJ on 12/5 (an immature; RH) and 12/8 (an adult; KM).
*      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *     *

96.116                          ALCIDS

     At Boiler Bay, late records include a RHINOCEROS AUKLET on 
11/30 (SR) and a CASSIN'S AUKLET on 12/10 (AC & RH).  Two Cassin's and 
three Rhinos beached near Thiel Creek during November were about a 
normal number there (BL, S&DB).

     1-2 MARBLED MURRELETS and about seven ANCIENT MURRELETS were at 
Boiler Bay on 11/30 (SR) and 12/1 (AC).  Also there were two Marbleds 
on 12/14 (CL) and up to 50+ Ancients during five days from 12/8-19 
(MH & GG; AC & RH; SDo & SDu; AC et al.; CL; TL).  17 and 33 Ancients 
at Yaquina Head on 12/8 and 12/22, respectively, made them easily the 
most numerous alcid (KM).  Four Ancients also sat on the ocean near 
Yachats on 12/22 (KM).

     A COMMON MURRE in breeding plumage was at Yachats on 
12/22 (KM)--the older adults come into breeding plumage in winter.

     As many as five PIGEON GUILLEMOTS in winter plumage were counted 
at Boiler Bay on 12/8 (MH & GG), 12/9 (SDo & SDu), 12/14 (AC et al.), 
and 12/18 (DB).  Singletons were also at Yaquina Head and the YBSJ on 
12/8 (KM).
*      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *     *

96.117                  DOVE-RAVEN

     A MOURNING DOVE south of Idaho Flats on 10/24 (EH) is our latest 
fall report.

     A SHORT-EARED OWL foraged at Siletz Bay NWR on 12/10 (RL).  They 
once were uncommon along the coast in winter--now, they are rarely 

     SNOWY OWLS have been discovered at Tillamook Bay, Florence, and 
Coos Co., but none have been reported in Lincoln Co.

     One ANNA'S HUMMINGBIRD was south of Waldport the last week of 
Nov. (D&LL), and they have been regulars at D&BM's feeder south of 
Waldport throughout November and December.  A few regularly winter 
within about a mile of the coast.

     A RED-BREASTED SAPSUCKER brightened up the winter days at Thiel 
Creek on 12/3 (BL) and near Logsden on 12/14 (DS).

     COMMON RAVENS are rare along most of the Lincoln Co. coast--D&BM 
are fortunate to live south of Waldport where ravens commonly fly near 
the coast and interact with AMERICAN CROWS.  DM writes about a June 4 
interaction: "There were three crows chasing a single raven, which at 
one point took refuge in one of the dead cedars.  The crows took turns 
diving at the raven but never got really close.  It seemed that the 
few dead limbs over and beside the raven afforded it some protection.  
Still the raven ducked and whimpered as if saying 'Please guys, I 
plead King's X.'  This lasted about 5 minutes, then the crows took 
time out to rest on another nearby cedar.  After a couple more 
minutes, the raven took off to the woods followed again by the three 
*      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *      *     *


     One MOUNTAIN CHICKADEE lingered near D&LL's feeder south of 
Waldport on 12/1.

     Our latest CEDAR WAXWING was a juvenile at CP's Toledo home on 
12/24; we have a smattering of winter records, so this is uncommon but 
not unprecedented.

     EUROPEAN STARLINGS are mimics in the winter as well as in the 
summer.  CL heard one in east Toledo on 12/14 that sang like an 
Olive-sided Flycatcher!  Several winters ago, one called like a Common 
Nighthawk during the Yaquina Bay CBC, so we need to not be too hasty 
in identifying birds that are calling.

     1-3 PALM WARBLERS were at the MSC on 12/2 (EH), 12/8 (DP), 
12/14 (CG), 12/18 (DB), and 12/20 (AF).

     A TOWNSEND'S WARBLER lingered in Yachats in early December (SL).

     Other winter arrivals include a WHITE-THROATED SPARROW in Toledo 
on 12/13 (CP) and a SLATE-COLORED JUNCO at CP's Toledo feeder on 
12/14.  A LINCOLN'S SPARROW was also in Toledo on 12/13 (CP) and near 
the MSC on 12/19 (TL).

     In early Nov., a LAPLAND LONGSPUR was reported on the road about 
a mile up Beaver Creek (fide AC), and two were at Yaquina Head on 
11/6 & 7 (BLM).

     WESTERN MEADOWLARKS were often noted at Yaquina Head starting on 
11/17 (BLM), and four were at the MSC on 12/14 (CG).

     At their home south of Waldport, D&BM write: "Most appearances of 
HOUSE SPARROWS have been as single individuals, except in the very 
rainiest period in the last half of November.  There was a flock of 
more than 30 birds overwhelming our feeders in that period!"

     OBSERVERS.--David Bailey, Bob Barnes, Range Bayer, BLM (Bureau of 
Land Management at Yaquina Head), Sara & Don Brown, 
Jim & Rita Coleman, Alan Contreras, Marcia Cutler, Steve Dowlan (SDo), 
Susie Dunham (SDu), Anthony Floyd, Jerry Foster, Charles Gates, 
Greg Gillson, Keith Graves, Eric Horvath, Rich Hoyer Jr., Matt Hunter, 
Tim Janzen, Dave & Lynne Larson, Cindy Lawes, Sally Lockyear, 
Bob Loeffel, Tom Love, Roy Lowe, Sylvia Maulding, Kathy Merrifield, 
Dawson & Bobby Mohler, Sally Nelson, Robert Olson, 
Steve & Diane Olson, Chuck Philo, Dave Pitkin, Skip Russell, 
Shirley Schwartz, Dorothy Scott, Jamie Simmons, Margaret Tweelinckx, 
Paula Vanderheul, and Jean Weakland. 
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